Mongolia, once the cradle for the great empire of Genghis Khan, is steeped with rich cultural heritage. Almost half of the population lives in the countryside - many as nomadic herders still immersed in the values, customs and traditions of their forefathers.
Rapid urbanization and industrial growth have seen Mongolia's environment deteriorate; the destruction of habitat threatens not only the environment, but also the traditional ways of life. The burning of soft coal by individual ger (tent-like mobile structure used as a home) owners, power plants, and factories in Ulaanbaatar and other urban centers has resulted in severely polluted air.
Deforestation, overgrazed pastures, and efforts to increase grain and hay production by ploughing up more virgin land have increased soil erosion from wind and rain. With the rapid growth of newly privatized herds, overgrazing in selected areas also is a concern. As of 2016 only 5% of land remains forested.
In response to some of these issues, Spirit Mongolia, Local Community Association (LCA), NGO was established in the Arkhangai province in 2014. We aim to protect the environment and improve the well-being of the local people.
Ecotourism in Arkhangai improves the well-being of the local people by creating sustainable sources of income; additionally, the revenue helps to fund conservation of the legally protected area.
Visitors to our camp will experience an immersive introduction to the traditional nomadic lifestyle, and will also leave with a better understanding of conservation efforts in Arkhangai.
Spirit Mongolia aims to reduce air pollution by eliminating the use of coal in heating and cooking, to assist in the preservation and regeneration of existing forests, and to grow new forests in the Arkhangai province.
The forests in Arkhangai are threatened by illegal logging; Spirit Mongolia aims to preserve forests and reduce air pollution by establishing a biofuel production plant. This plant would supply the community with a sustainable form of fuel.
Members of the local community will provided training for biofuel production, as well as tourism. This not only provides jobs and a means of income for the community involved, but also promotes awareness of the importance of conservation of the natural environment.